2022-2023 Course Catalog

Welcome to Virginia Tech! We are excited that you are here planning your time as a Hokie.

View Undergraduate Course Catalog

Building Construction (BC)

BC 1014 - Building A Strong Foundation for Success (2 credits) 

Exploration of career options within the built environment and construction industry. Professional development, digital literacy, which will include creation of media and “personal brand” identity. Exploration of ideas from multiple viewpoints and perspectives. Oral, written, and visual presentation of ideas such as resume development. Introduction to ethical considerations. Reflection on “Self-as-Learner.” Critical-Thinking skills as they apply to construction projects. Development of group roles as they apply to construction projects. Identification of universities resources, policies, procedures, academic and social engagement opportunities.

BC 1214 - Introduction to Building Construction I (3 credits) 

Introduction to construction with an overview of construction drawings and specifications, construction terminology, building codes and building systems, cost estimating and bidding, construction management processes, construction documents, load paths and foundations, construction health and safety, and hands-on experiential learning through lab exercises. Strategic career success factors and introduction to ethical decisions in construction management.

BC 1224 - Introduction to Building Construction II (3 credits) 

Overview of the important areas of contracting and the workings of the construction industry. Application of construction management theory, processes, and terminology including, definable building systems, building code interpretations, the reading and preparing of basic construction drawings and integrating construction details and project specifications to derive safe construction means and methods, equipment section, cost estimates and time schedules.

Prerequisite(s): BC 1214 
BC 2014 - Construction Principles I (3 credits) 

Fundamentals of the construction technology and process emphasizing project management/operations, materials and methods. Utilization of industry-specific technology/software applications, techniques and sequences/project loading for the construction of buildings in compliance with Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) Divisions 00-05, 31, 32, 33. Planning, scheduling, materials cost analysis, job-appropriate equipment and labor requirements, masonry applications, concrete and formwork. Site preparation and utilization, use of construction industry-specific software, interpretation of project drawing documents. Integration of project safety and health issues. Quantity surveying for the management of construction resources, according to current principles and industry standards.

Prerequisite(s): BC 1224 
BC 2024 - Construction Principles II (3 credits) 

Continuation of the fundamentals of construction technology and process emphasizing materials, methods, techniques and sequences for the construction of buildings using Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) Divisions 01, 06-14, 21. Interpretation of construction details relevant to a construction project. Cost impact of building codes and inspections. Development of presentation skills using project-based learning. Planning, scheduling, labor needs, and quantity surveying for the management of construction resources. Development of safety and quality assurance plans, including building systems for fire suppression.

Prerequisite(s): BC 2014 
Corequisite(s): BC 2064 
BC 2044 - Buildings & Materials (3 credits) 

Introduction to the theory and applications of building materials. Properties, composition, and characteristics of building materials with particular focus on ferrous and non ferrous metals, concrete, bricks and blocks, timber, glass and plastics. Emphasis on physical behavior of materials under load, including thermal loads, compatibility deformations and material behavior requirements, interaction among different materials, non- destructive/destructive methods for evaluation and testing of construction materials, basic analysis and design applications of major structural components.

Prerequisite(s): BC 2214 or CEM 2104 
BC 2064 - Integrated Construction I (3 credits) 

Application of construction means, materials and methods related to quantity take-off, cost management, scheduling, resource management, document drawing, building information modeling in support of a selected project. Project cost impact of building code requirements. Emphasis on structural components of selected project.

Prerequisite(s): (BC 2014 and BC 2114) or CEM 2104 
BC 2094 - Building Construction Seminar (1 credit) 

Exploration of current and relevant topics of inquiry within the construction domain, through engagement, service, and research. Articulates the complex interactions of stakeholders in construction by means of reflection on case studies, panel discussions, and seminars to establish the context, breadth, and impact that construction education shares within larger academic, professional, and societal communities. Can be repeated for a maximum of 3 credit hours.

BC 2104 - Building Effective Construction Teams (3 credits) 

Introduction to leadership behavior styles and their impact on construction management team performance, including analysis of how ethical behavior and individual strengths support positive relationship-building. Development of management strategies to maximize positive conflict outcomes through trust-building between construction project stakeholders. Identification of the role that implicit bias plays in decision-making within diverse project teams. Development of presentation skills for a construction audience.

Prerequisite(s): BC 1224 and (COMM 1016 or ENGL 1106) 
BC 2114 - Information Technology in Design and Construction (3 credits) 

Building delivery and project management improvements through the use of information technology (IT) are explored, including scheduling software, building information modeling (BIM) tools, and virtual design and construction (VDC) simulation software and their corresponding theories and concepts that integrate design and construction. Use BIM/VDC tools for graphical presentations, databases, and spreadsheets.

Prerequisite(s): BC 1224 or CEM 2104 
Corequisite(s): BC 2014 
BC 2134 - Construction Data Analysis (2 credits) 

Identification and use of various types and sources of construction market data and the tools for analyzing construction data to support managerial decision making. Different forms of applying mathematics to the construction market for better productivity and processes across the construction industry. Develop insights to inform management and investment decisions. Use of cost-benefit analysis as applied to construction management in determining feasibility of projects.

Prerequisite(s): MATH 1114 
BC 2214 - Why Buildings Stand Up (3 credits) 

Overview of fundamental principles explaining why structures remain stable under various loading conditions. Explores different types of structures and applied loads and analyzes both determinate and indeterminately supported structures. Calculation of shear, bending moments, deflections in beams, and buckling. Discussion of ethical impacts on user safety and hazard avoidance, in project design and construction methods, materials, etc. Explores different types of soil composition and their strength properties.

Prerequisite(s): BC 1224 and MATH 1225 
Pathway Concept Area(s): 5A Quant & Comp Thnk Adv., 10 Ethical Reasoning 
BC 2354 - Residential Construction Technologies (3 credits) 

Identify and evaluate conventional construction materials, methods, building systems, and products to less-familiar, innovative technological alternatives for a specific residential construction project. Compare innovative technological alternatives with material and cost estimates. Overview of conventional materials, equipment, designs, and processes in residential construction. Investigate recent literature on emerging technologies to determine best practices. Strengthen understanding of the primary building systems in residential construction applications.

Prerequisite(s): BC 2014 
BC 2974 - Independent Study (1-19 credits) 
BC 2984 - Special Study (1-19 credits) 
BC 3014 - Building Physics and Environmental Systems (3 credits) 

Theory and analysis methods relative to performance of envelope systems and the design and integration of mechanical and electrical building systems. Topics covered include: envelope systems and performance metrics, conceptual and technical design theory, operational principles, and maintenance issues, all necessary for determining the selection of passive and active environmental control systems within a building including: envelope system, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, lighting, and acoustical systems.

Prerequisite(s): PHYS 2205 and PHYS 2215 or PHYS 2305 
BC 3064 - Integrated Construction II (3 credits) 

Application of construction means, materials and methods as they relate to quantity take-off, cost management, scheduling and resource management, document drawing, building information modeling in support of a selected project. Emphasis on building systems components of selected project.

Prerequisite(s): (BC 2064 and BC 3114 and PHYS 2305) or (CEM 2104 and BC 3114 and PHYS 2305) 
BC 3114 - Building Systems Technology (3 credits) 

Emphasis is placed on the integration and physical installation of passive and active environmental control systems including: heating, ventilation, air conditioning, lighting, acoustics, plumbing, and fundamentals of thermal loads.

Prerequisite(s): BC 2024 and (PHYS 2305 or PHYS 2205 and PHYS 2215) or (CEM 2104 and PHYS 2305) 
BC 3134 - Temporary Structures in Construction (3 credits) 

Introduction to temporary structure systems used to support construction operations. Concrete formwork, scaffolding systems, excavation shoring systems, dewatering techniques, and hoisting operations. Assessment of systems, cost, quality, safety, sustainability, and schedule impacts.

Prerequisite(s): (BC 2044 and BC 2024) or CEE 3684 
Cross-listed: CEM 3134 
BC 3954 - Study Abroad (1-19 credits) 

Study abroad in Spain.

BC 3984 - Special Study (1-19 credits) 
BC 4024 - Estimating, Production, and Cost Engineering (3 credits) 

Interpretation of plans and specifications, preparation of construction estimates, and cost control. Methods analysis, resource requirements, and resource costs in building systems, including system components, and in large-scale civil engineering works such as highways, bridges, and hydraulic structures.

Prerequisite(s): BC 2024 and BC 2064 
Cross-listed: CEE 4014 
BC 4064 - Integrated Construction III (3 credits) 

Application of construction means, materials and methods as they relate to quantity take-off, cost management, scheduling and resource management, document drawing, building information modeling in support of a selected project. Emphasis on administrative/general contractor functions (such as project safety, budget development, and permitting) of the selected project.

Prerequisite(s): BC 3064 
BC 4114 - Building Information Modeling in Design and Construction (3 credits) 

Introduction to means and methods to enrich the geometric information of a building model with semantic data such as, material, structural and performance values. Concept of interoperability in architecture, engineering and construction industry. Overview of approaches to information modeling such as Standard for the Exchange of Product model data (STEP), Industry Foundation Classes (ifc), Construction Operations Building Information Exchange (COBie) and Green Building XML (gbXML). Key concepts of object-oriented modeling and programming.

Prerequisite(s): BC 2114 and CS 1014 or (ENGE 1215 and ENGE 1216) 
BC 4124 - Digital Construction and Manufacturing (3 credits) 

Explore and experiment with construction from the perspective of digital information, computer numerical control (CNC), and computer aided manufacturing (CAM) processes. Tools like 3D scanners, 3D printers, CNC manufacturing techniques and others will be used in a lab setting intended to provide familiarity with these technologies and a sense of their benefits and limitations.

Prerequisite(s): BC 2114 
BC 4164 - Production Planning and Process Design for Construction (3 credits) 

The course deals with the planning and design of construction processes. Course topics include production systems, behavior of construction systems and workers, the relationships between subsystems in the construction process, queuing systems, process modeling and simulation. The major emphasis is on production and productivity. Production problems that typically occur in construction systems are discussed. The course also explores recent innovations in construction system design such as lean construction and agile construction.

Prerequisite(s): BC 3114 and BC 3064 
BC 4264 - Fundamentals of Construction Management (6 credits) 

Practical construction management methods within the built environment. Construction materials, document drawings, management activities, fundamentals of construction scheduling and planning. Quality, quantity, and cost of materials necessary to complete a construction project. Construction information technology tools. Partially duplicates BC 2014 and 2114. Pre: Junior Standing.

BC 4314 - Building Performance and Energy Management (3 credits) 

Fundamentals of building performance mandates for the built environment. Practical means and methods for evaluating building performance metrics within integrated design including acoustic performance, visual performance, and indoor air quality and management. Specific focus on energy resources consumed by thermal, hygrothermal, lighting, and other environmental building systems. Assessment of building energy consumption and analysis of retrofit scenarios through performance evaluation over the entire building life cycle.

Prerequisite(s): BC 3014 and BC 3114 
BC 4324 - Innovation in Residential Construction (3 credits) 

Mechanisms of historical and current innovations in the residential construction industry. Theory and application within the realms of innovation, diffusion, technology, adoption, new product development, housing innovation literature, supply chain management, sustainability, information technology, commercialization, and housing policy. Innovation theories and applications to residential construction through the analysis and utilization of data-driven hypotheses typical to the industry.

Prerequisite(s): BC 3064 
BC 4334 - Sustainable Building Performance Management (3 credits) 

Introduction to means and methods for managing the sustainability of buildings and their performance over the life cycle. Best practices for sustainable projects in the areas of planning/development, site design, project management, energy and water conservation and green building assessment tools and methods; Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system; economic analysis of green building alternatives; and implementation planning.

Prerequisite(s): BC 3064 and BC 3014 
BC 4364 - Lifecycle BIM for Facility Management (3 credits) 

BIM (Building Information Modeling) concepts and tools that are critical for facility operation and maintenance. Identifying, capturing, analyzing, exporting and exchanging facility lifecycle data. Spreadsheet-based and BIM based facility management platforms. Case studies and real-life application for understanding mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems from an owner or facility manager perspective. Workflow processes for data exchange.

Prerequisite(s): BC 2114 and BC 3114 
BC 4374 - Residential Housing and Land Development (3 credits) 

Application of means, methods, and strategies for delivering single and multi-family residential housing in urban and suburban contexts. Project planning, including market analysis to determine highest and best use of an identified property, marketing and sales strategies, site and product design and procurement, infrastructure requirements, zoning and government agency regulations, financial analysis and feasibility study, financing strategies, and delivery control systems. Roles of developer and project team in preparing formal proposals for a housing development to be submitted for financing. Identification and application of interfaces with project stakeholders. Overview of contemporary topics such as green development and affordable housing.

Prerequisite(s): BC 2064 and BC 3064 
Corequisite(s): BC 4064 
BC 4434 - Construction Practice I (3 credits) 

Business and construction practices related to operation of a construction company are studied. Construction operation is examined as it relates construction, financial and personnel management. Project management topics studied in this course include permitting, site evaluations, design development and design phase considerations such as preliminary estimates and project constructability. Writing Intensive (WI) course.

Prerequisite(s): BC 3064 or BC 5264G or (BC 5514 and BC 5154) 
Corequisite(s): BC 4064 
BC 4444 - Construction Practice II (4 credits) 

This course explores and applies the business and construction practices related to operation of a construction company to a capstone experience. Construction operation is examined as it relates to construction, financial and personnel management. Project management topics studied in this course are applied in the corequisite lab. This course is formally designated as a writing intensive course. Formal written and edited and oral presentations are presented and critiqued by the BC faculty team, the writing resource center, students and industry professionals.

Prerequisite(s): BC 4434 
BC 4754 - Internship (1-3 credits) 
BC 4974 - Independent Study (1-19 credits) 
BC 4984 - Special Study (1-19 credits) 
BC 4994 - Undergraduate Research (1-19 credits)