2022-2023 Course Catalog

Welcome to Virginia Tech! We are excited that you are here planning your time as a Hokie.

View Undergraduate Course Catalog

Political Science (PSCI)

PSCI 1XXX3 - GEN ED REASONING SOCIAL SCI (3 credits) 
Pathway Concept Area(s): 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences 
PSCI 1004 - Nations and Nationalities (3 credits) 

Introduction to world and American ethnic and indigenous cultures and to social constructions of human and group identity, nationalism and extreme ethno-nationalism. History of the political, economic, and cultural transition from primordial communities to sovereign states. Introduction to the rise of racism, sexism, ethnicism, classism, nativism, xenophobia, etc. in modern societies and episodes of mass political violence including ethnic cleansing and genocide.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 7 Identity & Equity in U.S., 11 Intercultural&Global Aware. 
Cross-listed: IS 1004 
PSCI 1014 - Introduction to United States Government and Politics (3 credits) 

Introduction to government and politics of the United States, the Constitution, and various institutional designs and structures. Focus on political culture, interest groups, voting franchise, political parties, and elections. Roles and responsibilities of Congress, bureaucracy, Presidency, and federal courts; Discussion of selected current policy issues and implications of diversity of elected representatives.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 7 Identity & Equity in U.S., 11 Intercultural&Global Aware. 
PSCI 1014H - Honors Introduction to United States Government and Politics (3 credits) 

Introduction to government and politics of the United States, the Constitution, and various institutional designs and structures. Focus on political culture, interest groups, voting franchise, political parties, and elections. Roles and responsibilities of Congress, bureaucracy, Presidency, and federal courts; Discussion of selected current policy issues and implications of diversity of elected representatives.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 7 Identity & Equity in U.S., 11 Intercultural&Global Aware. 
PSCI 1024 - Introduction to Comparative Government and Politics (3 credits) 

Government and politics of selected countries in the world: the necessity for government; the nature of politics and governmental systems; specific types of political systems; the effects and consequences of institutional designs; linkages of people and governments through political parties, interest groups, and social movements; current political issues.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 11 Intercultural&Global Aware. 
Cross-listed: IS 1024 
PSCI 1024H - Honors Introduction to Comparative Government and Politics (3 credits) 
PSCI 1034 - Introduction to International Studies and Political Science (3 credits) 

Introduces students to the fields of International Studies and Political Science and their respective subfields. Familiarizes students with the undergraduate programs in International Studies and Political Science and emphasizes student preparation for careers in the respective fields. Focuses on inquiry, problem-solving, and integration of ideas and experiences with a focus on International Studies and Political Science. Familiarizes students with the basic principles of the research and writing principles.

Cross-listed: IS 1034 
PSCI 1084 - Food Matters: Introduction to Food Studies (3 credits) 

Interdisciplinary introductory course explores how food shapes and is shaped by culture and society. Examines how people use food to express meanings (e.g., via foodways, story, art, architecture, religion, ethical codes), how food options, practices, and inequities are shaped by social structures (e.g. cultural and legal norms regarding race, class, and gender), and how the material properties of food (e.g., chemical, ecological, technological) are linked to identities, ideological commitments, and historical moments.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 7 Identity & Equity in U.S., 10 Ethical Reasoning, 11 Intercultural&Global Aware. 
Cross-listed: HIST 1084, RLCL 1084, SOC 1084 
PSCI 1114 - Introduction to Transatlantic Studies (3 credits) 

Multidisciplinary analysis of core issues and topics in transatlantic studies. Origins and evolution of transatlantic interactions. Historical, political, economic, cultural (including language and literature), civilizational, religious, and societal ties binding Europe and the Americas. Basic research techniques and evaluation of sources.

Cross-listed: IS 1114 
PSCI 2014 - Introduction to Political Theory (3 credits) 

Examines central themes involved in the practices of normative political theory. Topics will include critical review of the historical origins, established traditions, and major themes in normative political thinking.

PSCI 2024 - Research Methods in Political Science (3 credits) 

Introduction to research in political science; formulation of theory, operationalization and measurement, gathering, analysis and interpretation of data.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H and PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or IS 1024 or IS 1024H 
Cross-listed: PPE 2024 
PSCI 2034 - Geography of Global Conflict (3 credits) 

Geographical dimensions of global conflicts, international management of conflicts, conflicts of differences, historical, ideological, failed states and resources will be examined. Background to conflicts, current status of conflicts, different points of view in conflict. Topics in the course will change as the geography of global conflict changes.

Cross-listed: GEOG 2034, IS 2034 
PSCI 2044 - Food, War and Conflict (3 credits) 

Explores the history of food production and processing relative to the commencement or continuation of conflict. Examines why and how wars have been fought over economic policies, food trade and control of food supplies. Examines efforts to protect food and water supplies from intentional contamination and acts of terrorism. Focus on food products and the preservation, processing and distribution technologies that arose from war and conflict.

Cross-listed: FST 2044, IS 2044 
PSCI 2054 - Introduction to World Politics (3 credits) 

An introduction to the prevalent methods and theories in the study of world politics. Topics include: historical context of contemporary world politics, global actors and power relations, conflict and conflict resolution, international law, and contemporary global issues.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 11 Intercultural&Global Aware. 
Cross-listed: GEOG 2054, IS 2054 
PSCI 2064 - The Global Economy and World Politics (3 credits) 

Introduction to theories and methods in the study of global political economy. Topics include: historical origins, comparative advantage, the factor endowment trade theory, the gold standard, economic nationalism, the Great Depression, the Bretton Woods System, Keynesianism, the Nixon shocks, international organizations, monetary governance, the Great Recession, poverty and underdevelopment, and contemporary challenges of income inequality within and among economies.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 11 Intercultural&Global Aware. 
Cross-listed: GEOG 2064, IS 2064 
PSCI 2074 - Law and Politics (3 credits) 

Explores the roles of law and legal institutions within the United States. Focuses on structures and procedures of government from a constitutional perspective; the politics of law-making and law-enforcement by legislative, executive, and judicial institutions; and relationships between law and society.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H 
PSCI 2084 - The Evolution of World Order (3 credits) 

A historical and comparative study of states systems (i.e, ancient, medieval, modern, and contemporary states system). Emphasis on the globalization of the European states system, its various aspects (political, economic, cultural, religious, civilizational, and technological) and its implications for contemporary world order (i.e., the question of human equality and the impact of colonialism and post-colonialism on the question of social, political, and economic justice).

Prerequisite(s): IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 2084 
PSCI 2104 - Europe Country Analysis (3 credits) 

Examination of the politics, economics, culture, society, population patterns, and history of individual European countries. Impact of individual European states’ domestic affairs on their respective European sub-regions and Europe as a whole. Analysis of intra-European regional developments. Examination of differing country perspectives on European integration.

Cross-listed: IS 2104 
PSCI 2114 - Transatlantic Political Frameworks (3 credits) 

Examination of transatlantic political, security and economic institutions, such as the Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and the Organization for Security & Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Impact of domestic politics and external policies on the operation of transatlantic institutions. US-European relations and their impact on transatlantic institutions and European security. Bilateral political links between European and North America States (i.e., the UK-US- Canada, and France-Canada) and their impact on transatlantic relations and European security.

Prerequisite(s): IS 1114 or PSCI 1114 
Cross-listed: IS 2114 
PSCI 2134 - Geog of the Global Economy (3 credits) 

Geographical dimensions of the global economy since World War II. Globalization and the emergence of a new international division of labor. The relative decline of the United States and the growth of Japan, East Asia and the European Union. Changing geographies of foreign direct investment location. Places and regions in geo-economic discourse. Population and resources issues in the early twenty-first century.

Cross-listed: GEOG 2134, IS 2134 
PSCI 2164 - Foundations of Contemporary Security Environments (3 credits) 

Introduction to multiple analytical perspectives on contemporary security environments, including political, legal, ethical, technical, environmental and historical and cultural perspectives relative to the conception, design and implementation of security solutions, practices, and policies. Emphasizes applying and analyzing the effectiveness of diverse procedures, tools and policies used in security and privacy solutions, decision-making, risk management and operational policy to mitigate local, national, international and global threats.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 5F Quant & Comp Thnk Found., 11 Intercultural&Global Aware. 
Cross-listed: BIT 2164, CS 2164 
PSCI 2224 - Geography of Europe (3 credits) 

Europe: as an idea, as a place, as a space, and as a political entity. Basic knowledge of Europe’s historical physical environments, political geography, population distribution, varied cultures, and economic development. Cultural variations and their implications on settlement patterns, political divisions, and economic patterns and processes.

Cross-listed: GEOG 2224, IS 2224 
PSCI 2484 - Religion and Politics (3 credits) 

Investigation of religion and politics as distinct categories in different times and places. Analysis of episodes from both past and present in which religion and politics have come together, or have been kept apart. Examination of the roles religion and politics play in the modern world and how they impact the lived experience of diverse populations both in the United States and throughout the world.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 2 Critical Thinking Humanities, 7 Identity & Equity in U.S., 11 Intercultural&Global Aware. 
Cross-listed: IS 2484, RLCL 2484 
PSCI 2964 - Field Study (1-19 credits) 
PSCI 2974 - Independent Study (1-19 credits) 
PSCI 2974H - Independent Study (1-19 credits) 
PSCI 2984 - Special Study (1-19 credits) 
PSCI 3004 - Professionalism and Careers in Political Science and International Studies (3 credits) 

Designed to teach students how to synthesize skills and information learned in their Political Science and International Studies classes. Exploration of various career options, graduate school options, and proper procedures for seeking and applying for employment and graduate school. Introduction to professionalism in the workplace and professional development in the area of political science and international studies. Junior Standing.

Cross-listed: IS 3004 
PSCI 3015 - Political Theory (3 credits) 

Analysis of the fundamental ideas in the history of political theory. 3015: The thought and ethical implications of philosophers from the ancient Greeks to early modern times. Analysis of writings from Plato through medieval theorists to those of the Seventeenth Century. 3016: The thought and ethical implications of philosophers from the late Seventeenth Century to the present. Analysis of key concepts in the thought of theorists from the early modern period until the present.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 2014 
Pathway Concept Area(s): 2 Critical Thinking Humanities, 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 10 Ethical Reasoning 
Cross-listed: PHIL 3015 
PSCI 3016 - Political Theory (3 credits) 

Analysis of the fundamental ideas in the history of political theory. 3015: The thought and ethical implications of philosophers from the ancient Greeks to early modern times. Analysis of writings from Plato through medieval theorists to those of the Seventeenth Century. 3016: The thought and ethical implications of philosophers from the late Seventeenth Century to the present. Analysis of key concepts in the thought of theorists from the early modern period until the present.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 2014 
Pathway Concept Area(s): 2 Critical Thinking Humanities, 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 10 Ethical Reasoning 
Cross-listed: PHIL 3016, PPE 3016 
PSCI 3034 - The CIA: Its Capabilities in Todays Geo-Political World (3 credits) 

Role of the discipline of geography in the origins, procedures, and history of CIA. Role of the CIA in providing national intelligence at both strategic and operational levels. Origins and changes to the CIA since WWII. Capabilities to support both policy-makers and national security entities. Case studies illustrating the CIAs operations in different regions of the world.

Cross-listed: GEOG 3034, IS 3034 
PSCI 3044 - The Politics of Internet Governance (3 credits) 

Introduces students to theoretical, technological, and policy debates in Internet governance. Topics include multistakeholder governance, cybersecurity and cybercrime, network investigative techniques, data protection, vulnerability disclosure, use of anonymity-granting technologies, network neutrality, virtual currencies, big data, algorithmic bias and decision-making, politics of the domain name system, privacy, free expression, cross-border dispute resolution, data ownership, and challenges to state authority.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 2054 or IS 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 3044 
PSCI 3054 - The Dark Web and Threat Analytics (3 credits) 

Introduction to dual-use anonymity-granting technologies such as the Dark Web. Covers open source threat intelligence as a technique to assess trends and trajectories in anonymous online content. Substantive topics include the use of Dark Web technologies for political expression in repressive regimes, anonymity and privacy protection in an age of big data as well as the misuse of these tools for doxing, trolling, and the creation of illegal markets for drugs, guns, malicious software, human trafficking, and child abuse imagery. Junior Standing

Cross-listed: IS 3054 
PSCI 3064 - Food Politics (3 credits) 

Focuses on how scholars, pundits, citizens, and policymakers think about food on local, national, and global scales. Explores various ways of producing, distributing, and consuming food and how they are implicated in specific organizations of power and possibility. Examines how food, and the discourses surrounding food, help structure understandings of a variety of issues, such as identity, property, labor, gender, race, responsibility, and death.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 11 Intercultural&Global Aware. 
Cross-listed: IS 3064 
PSCI 3104 - Security Studies: Theories and Concepts (3 credits) 

Introduces the various theoretical approaches to security. Examines key concepts in the field of Security Studies, such as uncertainty, polarity, war, coercion, terrorism, intelligence, genocide, crimes against humanity, ethnic conflict, and human security.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 3104 
PSCI 3114 - Global Security (3 credits) 

Explores various theoretical approaches to security and discusses traditional and non-traditional security issues. Focuses on global, international and regional security challenges and examines alternative strategic and tactical solutions for addressing them.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 3114 
PSCI 3115 - Selected World Problems (3 credits) 

Selected world problems and how they affect various countries and regions. Each semester, a topic will be chosen. 3115: World problems in a global or regional context. 3116: World problems in a European context. 3115 and/or 3116 may be repeated for a combined maximum of 9 credit hours.

Cross-listed: IS 3115 
PSCI 3116 - Selected World Problems (3 credits) 

Selected world problems and how they affect various countries and regions. Each semester, a topic will be chosen. 3115: World problems in a global or regional context. 3116: World problems in a European context. 3115 and/or 3116 may be repeated for a combined maximum of 9 credit hours.

Cross-listed: IS 3116 
PSCI 3125 - Intelligence and National Security (3 credits) 

Introduces students to the field of Intelligence Studies. Focuses on the structure, role and capabilities of the U.S. intelligence community and investigates the relationship between intelligence and national security strategy. Addresses topics pertaining to data collection and intelligence analysis, covert operations and counterintelligence. 3125: Intelligence and National Security. 3126: The Intelligence Process.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 3125 
PSCI 3126 - Intelligence and National Security (3 credits) 

Introduces students to the field of Intelligence Studies. Focuses on the structure, role and capabilities of the U.S. intelligence community and investigates the relationship between intelligence and national security strategy. Addresses topics pertaining to data collection and intelligence analysis, covert operations and counterintelligence. 3125: Intelligence and National Security. 3126: The Intelligence Process.

Prerequisite(s): IS 3125 or PSCI 3125 
Cross-listed: IS 3126 
PSCI 3134 - Global Conflict and War (3 credits) 

Focuses on the causes, legal and moral constraints, impacts, and consequences of conflict and war. Explores historical and contemporary cases of conflict and war and investigates the role of state and non-state actors in these conflicts. Examines the impact of technology, religion, culture and identity on the present and future of war.

Cross-listed: IS 3134 
PSCI 3135 - Strategies of Modern Warfare (3 credits) 

3135: Analyzes the theory and practice of conventional warfare and investigates how strategic thought has influenced and shaped modern warfare. 3136: Examines the theory and practice of irregular warfare and focuses on the theory and practice of counterinsurgency and counterterrorism.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 3135 
PSCI 3136 - Strategies of Modern Warfare (3 credits) 

3135: Analyzes the theory and practice of conventional warfare and investigates how strategic thought has influenced and shaped modern warfare. 3136: Examines the theory and practice of irregular warfare and focuses on the theory and practice of counterinsurgency and counterterrorism.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 2054 or IS 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 3136 
PSCI 3144 - Global Governance and Public Policy (3 credits) 

Examines the norms, institutions, practices and processes developed by the international community to address global problems such as poverty, pandemics, global warming, displaced persons and transnational crim. Utilizes theories of decision- and policy-making and investigates the role of states, international governmental and non-governmental organizations, coalitions and corporations in global public policy-making.

Prerequisite(s): (IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054) and (IS 2064 or PSCI 2064 or GEOG 2064) 
Cross-listed: IS 3144 
PSCI 3154 - Topics in Global Public Policies (3 credits) 

Examines in depth selected global public policies pertaining to health, energy, development, education, refugees or labor. May be repeated with different content for a maximum of nine (9) credits.

Prerequisite(s): (IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054) and (IS 2064 or PSCI 2064 or GEOG 2064) 
Cross-listed: IS 3154 
PSCI 3165 - Global Economic Governance and Policy (3 credits) 

3165: International Trade - Focuses on the operations of global and regional international organizations such as the World Trade Organization (WTO), the European Union (EU), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the United Nations Industrial Organization (UNIDO) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and examines their policies and regulations. 3166: International Finance- Focuses on the operations of global and regional international organizations such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank, the European Union (EU), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and examines their policies and regulations.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2064 or PSCI 2064 or GEOG 2064 
Cross-listed: IS 3165 
PSCI 3166 - Global Economic Governance and Policy (3 credits) 

3165: International Trade - Focuses on the operations of global and regional international organizations such as the World Trade Organization (WTO), the European Union (EU), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNIDO), and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and examines their policies and regulations. 3166: International Finance- Focuses on the operations of global and regional international organizations such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank, the European Union (EU), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and examines their policies and regulations.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2064 or PSCI 2064 or GEOG 2064 
Cross-listed: IS 3166 
PSCI 3175 - Global Development (3 credits) 

3175: The Politics of Development - Examines issues and politics of the developing world and investigates the forces that promote or cut off economic development in low-income countries. Discusses development issues in various world regions. 3176: Economic Development - Emphasizes economic development and focuses on domestic and international policies aiming at addressing poverty in the developing world.

Prerequisite(s): (IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054) and (IS 2064 or PSCI 2064 or GEOG 2064) 
Cross-listed: IS 3175 
PSCI 3176 - Global Development (3 credits) 

3175: The Politics of Development - Examines issues and politics of the developing world and investigates the forces that promote or cut off economic development in low-income countries. Discusses development issues in various world regions. 3176: Economic Development - Emphasizes economic development and focuses on domestic and international policies aiming at addressing poverty in the developing world.

Prerequisite(s): (IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054) and (IS 2064 or PSCI 2064 or GEOG 2064) 
Cross-listed: IS 3176 
PSCI 3184 - Human Security (3 credits) 

Introduces the field of human security and examines the conceptual, theoretical and methodological issues surrounding it. Identifies the relevant human security actors, explores the tools of human security, and discusses the application of human security. Investigates the implications of human security and discusses its future.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 3184 
PSCI 3194 - Nuclear Strategy & Politics (3 credits) 

Examines the fundamentals of nuclear strategy and investigates the politics associated with the acquisition and proliferation of nuclear weapons. Focuses on nuclear doctrines and policies and explores international efforts associated with nuclear arms control and disarmament. Analyzes the nuclear postures of various nuclear states.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 3194 
PSCI 3214 - Political Participation (3 credits) 

Levels and types of political participation; reasons for participation; who participates and why; effects of political activity on political processes.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H or PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or IS 1024 or IS 1024H 
PSCI 3224 - Public Opinion (3 credits) 

Sources and distribution of public opinion; measurement of public opinion; relationships between public opinion and public policy; institutions linking public opinion to government decisions.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H or PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H 
PSCI 3234 - Voting and Elections (3 credits) 

Voting, elections, and support for political parties and party leaders in the United States and other Western democracies; impact of economic conditions on political support and patterns of realignment and dealignment.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H or PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or IS 1024 or IS 1024H 
PSCI 3244 - Political Communication (3 credits) 

Distribution of political information; elite-mass communication; alternative models of political communication; communication and telecommunications policy.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H or PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or IS 1024 or IS 1024H 
Cross-listed: JMC 3244 
PSCI 3254 - Media and Politics (3 credits) 

Explore the role of the mass media in contemporary American politics by examining the development of media as sources of social and political influence. Study of news organizations, their coverage of electoral and issue campaigns, and their impact on candidates and voters. Includes the role of new technologies in campaigns. Pre: Junior Standing.

Cross-listed: JMC 3254 
PSCI 3255 - The Politics of Race, Ethnicity and Gender (3 credits) 

Studies the status and political behavior of selected political minorities. 3255: compares African-, Mexican- and Native-Americans. 3256: examines diverse political responses to traditional gender roles, current gender issues, and the unique gender problems facing people of color.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H or PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or IS 1024 or IS 1024H 
PSCI 3256 - The Politics of Race, Ethnicity and Gender (3 credits) 

Studies the status and political behavior of selected political minorities. 3255: compares African-, Mexican- and Native-Americans. 3256: examines diverse political responses to traditional gender roles, current gender issues, and the unique gender problems facing people of color.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H or PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or IS 1024 or IS 1024H 
PSCI 3264 - Interest Groups (3 credits) 

Formation, structure, activities, and regulation of interest groups; comparison of American interest groups with those in other countries; evaluation of interest groups as participants in the political process.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H or PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H 
PSCI 3274 - Political Parties (3 credits) 

Development, organization, activities, and personnel of political parties; citizens partisan attitudes and behavior; origins, characteristics, stability, and changes of party systems.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H or PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H 
PSCI 3314 - Congress (3 credits) 

Congressional structure; organization and procedure; characteristics of members of Congress; Congressional elections; decision-making and external influences; change and reform.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H 
PSCI 3324 - The Presidency (3 credits) 

Election, institutionalization, staffing, relations with Congress, and the bureaucracy; initiation and implementation of public policy.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H 
PSCI 3334 - Judicial Process (3 credits) 

Structure and functions of American legal institutions; participants in the process, impact of legal institutions on society.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H 
PSCI 3344 - Global Environmental Issues: Interdisciplinary Perspectives (3 credits) 

Critical examination of major global environmental problems from a humanities perspective, including international community responses to global environmental problems such as global warming, atmospheric ozone depletion, acid rain, tropical deforestation, toxic waste. Actions by key actors in the international community to develop solutions. Relationship of justice, fairness, equality, and diversity to political questions of power or authority. Pre: 3 credits of Critical Issues in a Global Context.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 2 Critical Thinking Humanities, 11 Intercultural&Global Aware. 
Cross-listed: UAP 3344 
PSCI 3354 - Constitutional Law: Structures and Relationships (3 credits) 

Power and authority of president, Congress, and courts; division of powers between states and federal government.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H 
PSCI 3364 - Constitutional Law: Civil and Political Rights (3 credits) 

Civil rights and liberties; rights of criminal defendants; competing conceptions of constitutional rights.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H 
PSCI 3374 - The Politics of Energy (3 credits) 

Critical and humanistic perspectives of energy and its global problems. Politics and ethics of fuel extraction, distribution, and consumption across cultures and histories. Energy narratives, discourses, and aesthetics in the formation of political identities. Energy and the rise of modern democracy and global capitalism, with an emphasis on the energy dimensions of climate justice. Pre: Junior Standing.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 10 Ethical Reasoning 
Cross-listed: IS 3374 
PSCI 3384 - Politics of Global and Comparative Migration (3 credits) 

Theories and politics of international migration. How policies in destination, transit, and origin countries influence migration. Why governments adopt the migration policies they do. Impacts of global, regional, and national politics and policies on migration among countries.

Cross-listed: IS 3384 
PSCI 3394 - Comparative Politics of Immigrant Inclusion (3 credits) 

Theories of citizenship applied across levels of government. Comparative policies for political, social, and military inclusion. Explanations for variations in policies supporting citizenship and inclusion across countries. Explanations for differences among immigrants’ political inclusion across countries.

Cross-listed: IS 3394 
PSCI 3414 - Public Administration (3 credits) 

The role and context of public administration in the contemporary United States, administrative organization and decision-making, public finance, human resources administration, and program implementation.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H 
Cross-listed: UAP 3434 
PSCI 3424 - State and Local Government (3 credits) 

Institutions, functions, and policies of state, county, and municipal governments in the U.S.; issues confronting these governments in the federal system.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H 
PSCI 3434 - Urban Politics (3 credits) 

Basic concepts of urban politics; governmental structures, policy processes, and political conflicts in U.S. cities, policy options for coping with urban problems.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H 
PSCI 3444 - Administrative Law and Policy (3 credits) 

The legal context of the exercise of discretion by public administrators in the United States. Adjudication and rule- making; access to administrative processes and information; legislative and judicial control of administration.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H 
Cross-listed: UAP 3444 
PSCI 3514 - Latin American Government and Politics (3 credits) 

Introduction to the political systems of Latin American countries, including legislative-executive relations, interest groups, political parties, electoral systems, political violence, and socio-political development.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014H or PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or IS 1024 or IS 1024H 
PSCI 3515 - European Political Systems (3 credits) 

The government and politics of selected European states and of the European Union. 3515: normally includes the United Kingdom. 3516: normally includes Germany and Hungary.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H 
PSCI 3516 - European Political Systems (3 credits) 

The government and politics of selected European states and of the European Union. 3515: normally includes the United Kingdom. 3516: normally includes Germany and Hungary.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H 
PSCI 3524 - Politics of Post-Communist Systems (3 credits) 

Institutions, party structures, political economy, elite politics, ethnic conflicts, leadership dynamics, and mass political behavior in Russia and other post-communist political systems.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or IS 1024 or IS 1024H 
PSCI 3534 - African Government and Politics (3 credits) 

Survey of major concepts and themes in the study of African politics and development: analyses of the state, political institutions, social forces, democratization, sustainable development, issues of contemporary African politics.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H 
PSCI 3544 - The State of Israel: A Political History (3 credits) 

This course provides a survey on the political history of the State of Israel and highlights major themes uniquely characterizing the specific events surrounding its establishment and its first 50 years of existence. Additionally, the course will add a comparative dimension by using the political history of Israel as a case study to discuss major themes in political science such as democracy, government, political economy, etc.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or JUD 2134 
Cross-listed: JUD 3544, RLCL 3544 
PSCI 3554 - Comparative Political Economy (3 credits) 

Economic policies and collective choice processes of pre-industrial, industrializing, and advanced industrial states; problems and crises of industrial development, economic distribution, and technological transfer in the transition from an agrarian to advanced industrial society.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H or PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or IS 1024 or IS 1024H 
PSCI 3564 - Violent Political Change (3 credits) 

Historical origins, political processes, and institutional outcomes of violent political change, rising from mass protest movements, revolutionary organization, military coups, and radical political parties.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or IS 1024 or IS 1024H 
PSCI 3574 - Government and Politics of Japan (3 credits) 

Introduction to governmental institutions, patterns of political organization and behavior, and key policies of the Japanese political system.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or IS 1024 or IS 1024H 
PSCI 3584 - Governments and Politics of Asia (3 credits) 

Introduction to governmental institutions, political behavior, and social and economic policy approaches of China and other selected countries in the Asian region.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or IS 1024 or IS 1024H 
PSCI 3594 - Topics in Middle East Politics and International Relations (3 credits) 

Government and politics of Middle Eastern states. Religion, culture and society in the Middle East. Nationalism and Middle East politics. Regional conflicts and regional security. International relations of the Middle East. Great powers and Middle East politics. May be repeated twice with different content for a maximum of nine (9) credits.

Prerequisite(s): IS 1024 or PSCI 1024 or IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 3594 
PSCI 3615 - International Relations (3 credits) 

Structure and development of the modern international system; theories of international politics; international law; international organizations.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054 or PSCI 2064 or IS 2064 or GEOG 2064 
Cross-listed: IS 3615 
PSCI 3616 - International Relations (3 credits) 

Structure and development of the modern international system; theories of international politics; international law; international organizations.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 2054 or IS 2054 or GEOG 2054 or PSCI 2064 or IS 2064 or GEOG 2064 
Cross-listed: IS 3616 
PSCI 3624 - Foreign Policy and Diplomacy (3 credits) 

Focuses on actors, issues, and processes pertaining to foreign policy formulation and implementation. Examines theoretical and historical perspectives on foreign policy analysis. Investigates the national security, foreign policy, and diplomacy nexus. Discusses types of diplomacy and diplomatic methods.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 3624 
PSCI 3625 - US-Russia Foreign Policies (3 credits) 

3625: Formulation of American foreign policy; roles of the President, Congress, press, public, and bureaucracy; central themes, issues, and problems of American diplomacy; 3626: Development and operational practices of Russian foreign policy decision-making in the international environment; party and state political institutions; Marxist-Leninist ideology.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or IS 1024 or IS 1024H 
Cross-listed: IS 3625 
PSCI 3626 - US-Russia Foreign Policies (3 credits) 

3625: Formulation of American foreign policy; roles of the President, Congress, press, public, and bureaucracy; central themes, issues, and problems of American diplomacy; 3626: Development and operational practices of Russian foreign policy decision-making in the international environment; party and state political institutions; Marxist-Leninist ideology.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H 
Cross-listed: IS 3626 
PSCI 3634 - Human Rights: Global Issues (3 credits) 

Identification, articulation and clarification of the relationship between human rights and other contemporary international phenomena, issues, events, and processes that affect human rights. Detailed consideration of the diverse traditions and cultural interpretations of human rights.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1024 or PSCI 1024H or IS 1024 or IS 1024H or PSCI 2054 or IS 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 3634 
PSCI 3684 - Indigenous Peoples and World Politics (3 credits) 

A survey of the historical and contemporary struggles of indigenous peoples throughout the world. Examines the dynamics of colonialism (internal and external), identity construction, gender, cultural integrity, and the ongoing global indigenous rights discourse. In addition to covering broad global processes/theoretical approaches, comparative case studies of particular indigenous groups, such as the Maasai (Kenya, Tanzania) and Mayans (Mexico, Guatemala, Belize), are used to highlight the global, regional and intra-community diversity among contemporary indigenous peoples.

Cross-listed: AINS 3684 
PSCI 3694 - Far-right Violence in the United States (3 credits) 

Assessment of theoretical and conceptual foundations to understand the rise of far-right violence in the United States. Identification of causes of radicalization into the far-right. Comparison of case studies of historical and contemporary far-right violence. Evaluation of differences and similarities in historical and contemporary case studies. Appraisal of successful responses to far-right violence.

Cross-listed: IS 3694 
PSCI 3704 - National Security Strategy (3 credits) 

Focuses on the causes of war and the conditions of peace. Examines the logic, levels, and outcomes of strategy and investigates the impact of international law and politics on the use of force. Explores contemporary strategic theory and discusses current issues in grand strategy.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 3704 
PSCI 3714 - The U. S. Policy Process (3 credits) 

Description and analysis of the processes and institutions involved in the making and implementation of public policy in the United States, with a primary focus on domestic and economic policy. Empirical and normative models of the process of public policy making in the U.S.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H 
Cross-listed: UAP 3714 
PSCI 3724 - Poverty and Welfare Policy (3 credits) 

Public policies regarding the poor, impact of current policies; future policy options.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H 
PSCI 3734 - National Security (3 credits) 

Post-1945 strategic problems, policies, and security commitments of major participants in international politics, especially the United States and Russia; effects of security policies on international and domestic political economies.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 2054 or IS 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 3734 
PSCI 3735 - National Security Policies (3 credits) 

Investigates the purposes, contexts and processes of national security policymaking both in the United States and in other states around the world. 3735: Focuses on Homeland Security. 3736: Focuses on Defense Policy.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 3735 
PSCI 3736 - National Security Policies (3 credits) 

Investigates the purposes, contexts and processes of national security policymaking both in the United States and in other states around the world. 3735: Focuses on Homeland Security. 3736: Focuses on Defense Policy.

Prerequisite(s): IS 3735 or PSCI 3735 
Cross-listed: IS 3736 
PSCI 3744 - Public Policy Analysis (3 credits) 

Methods and approaches used in the analysis and evaluation of public policy; strengths and limitations of various analytic tools; normative issues in the practice of policy analysis.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H 
Cross-listed: UAP 3744 
PSCI 3754 - American Political Theory (3 credits) 

American political theory from the pre-Revolutionary era to the present. American contribution to the understanding of freedom, equality, political community, constitutionalism, political dissent, and the welfare state.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 1014 or PSCI 1014H 
PSCI 3764 - Contemporary Democratic Theory (3 credits) 

History and critiques of classical theories of democracy; contradictions within and contemporary problems facing democracy; future of democracy according to conservative, liberal, and radical theoretical perspectives.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 2014 and (PSCI 3015 or PHIL 3015 or PSCI 3016 or PHIL 3016) 
PSCI 3774 - Marxian Political Analysis (3 credits) 

Contemporary uses of Marxian concepts and theories to study the world economy, business structure, current social issues, modern ethical values, and alienation.

Cross-listed: UAP 3774 
PSCI 3784 - Origins of the State (3 credits) 

Theories of the origins of politics and government; evidence of state formation in prehistoric societies; political behavior in contemporary pre-literate societies as precursor to state formation.

PSCI 3795 - Global Terrorism and Counterterrorism (3 credits) 

Evaluation of theories and concepts used to analyze terrorism and counterterrorism. Identification and analysis of origins, causes, and consequences of terrorism globally. Comparison of historical and contemporary terrorism and counterterrorism. Appraisal of how histories of colonialism and the growth of new media affect terrorism and responses to terrorism. Identification of successful counterterrorism methods, strategies and practices. Evaluation of ethics and human rights in global counterterrorism. 3795: histories, origins, and spread of terrorism; 3796: strategies and practices of counterterrorism.

Cross-listed: IS 3795 
PSCI 3796 - Global Terrorism and Counterterrorism (3 credits) 

Evaluation of theories and concepts used to analyze terrorism and counterterrorism. Identification and analysis of origins, causes, and consequences of terrorism globally. Comparison of historical and contemporary terrorism and counterterrorism. Appraisal of how histories of colonialism and the growth of new media affect terrorism and responses to terrorism. Identification of successful counterterrorism methods, strategies and practices. Evaluation of ethics and human rights in global counterterrorism. 3795: histories, origins, and spread of terrorism; 3796: strategies and practices of counterterrorism.

Cross-listed: IS 3796 
PSCI 3804 - European Integration (3 credits) 

Analysis of the process of industrial, political, legal, economic, social and cultural integration of states in Europe as a whole or within a European sub-region. History and theories of European integration. Examination of various European organizations whose actions reflect different approaches to and different degrees of integration in Europe.

Cross-listed: IS 3804 
PSCI 3814 - The European Union: Institutions and Policies (3 credits) 

Evolution, organizational structure, political dynamics, and decision-making mechanisms of the European Union. Major internal and external EU policies such as foreign, security and defense policy, economics, Single Market, and monetary union.

Prerequisite(s): IS 3804 or PSCI 3804 
Cross-listed: IS 3814 
PSCI 3824 - European Union's Foreign and Security Policy (3 credits) 

The European Union (EU) as an actor in the foreign, security and defense policy fields. The external relations of the EU and its role in world affairs. The institutional arrangements of EU external relations and EU activity in policy areas including human rights, peacekeeping, environmental governance, trade, and economic development.

Prerequisite(s): IS 3814 or PSCI 3814 
Cross-listed: IS 3824 
PSCI 3825 - European Union's Foreign Relations (3 credits) 

The global strategy and foreign policy objectives of the European Union and the evolving relations between the EU and the rest of the world. EU’s role in world affairs. 3825: EU’s global strategy and its relations with major world powers, such as the United States, Russia, and China. 3826: EU’s global strategy and its relations with countries in various world regions as well as global multilateral organizations, such as the United Nations (UN) and the World Trade Organization (WTO).

Prerequisite(s): IS 3814 or PSCI 3814 
Cross-listed: IS 3825 
PSCI 3826 - European Union's Foreign Relations (3 credits) 

The global strategy and foreign policy objectives of the European Union and the evolving relations between the EU and the rest of the world. EU’s role in world affairs. 3825: EU’s global strategy and its relations with major world powers, such as the United States, Russia, and China. 3826: EU’s global strategy and its relations with countries in various world regions as well as global multilateral organizations, such as the United Nations (UN) and the World Trade Organization (WTO).

Prerequisite(s): IS 3814 or PSCI 3814 
Cross-listed: IS 3826 
PSCI 3834 - European Security Governance (3 credits) 

Structure and function of major European security organizations, such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the European Union (EU), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO). In-depth analysis of those organizations’ role in the European security architecture. Examination of inter-organizational cooperation in addressing European security issues and conflicts.

Prerequisite(s): IS 3804 or PSCI 3804 
Cross-listed: IS 3834 
PSCI 3844 - European Geopolitics (3 credits) 

Impact of Geography on European politics and economics. Significance of territorial, identity, networking and environmental geopolitics. Theoretical debates in the fields of political and population geography. Current culture and demographic challenges and geopolitical disputes within Europe and particularly between the European Union (EU) and its neighboring world regions.

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2224 or IS 2224 or PSCI 2224 
Cross-listed: GEOG 3844, IS 3844 
PSCI 3854 - European Political Economy (3 credits) 

The European Union’s major institutions and policies relating to economic and monetary union and trade. Monetary integration, fiscal and economic policy cooperation, financial integration (including the banking union), the single market and the common commercial policy, the common agricultural policy and the EU’s regional policy. The internal structure and organization of the European political economy and the external dimension of Europe and its impact on global economics, ranging from the World Trade Organization to EU enlargement and the Developing World.

Prerequisite(s): IS 3814 or PSCI 3814 
Cross-listed: IS 3854 
PSCI 3874 - The European Business Environment (3 credits) 

Political, legal, economic, socio-cultural, technological and environmental issues and policies affecting the operation and strategies of foreign companies in Europe. Business operations inside and outside the European Union. Impact of EU policies and the EU legal framework on business strategies and policies of non-EU companies. Business strategy for the European market, marketing and human resources management in Europe, and corporate governance and control in Europe. Pre: Junior Standing.

Cross-listed: IS 3874, MGT 3874 
PSCI 3894 - Transatlantic Relations Since 1945 (3 credits) 
Prerequisite(s): IS 1114 or PSCI 1114 
Cross-listed: IS 3894 
PSCI 3914 - European Economics (3 credits) 

Microeconomics, macroeconomics and economic policies of the European Union. EU economic law, institutions, decision-making, and budgeting. Historic and current influences on regional economic development. Monetary and fiscal policies. Economic research methods, analysis, and reporting.

Prerequisite(s): ECON 2006 
Cross-listed: ECON 3914, IS 3914 
PSCI 3924 - Theories of Transatlantic Relations (3 credits) 
Prerequisite(s): IS 1114 or PSCI 1114 
Cross-listed: IS 3924 
PSCI 3934 - NATO & European Security (3 credits) 
Prerequisite(s): IS 1114 or PSCI 1114 
Cross-listed: IS 3934 
PSCI 3984 - Special Study (1-19 credits) 
PSCI 4024 - Seminar in Diplomacy and Security (3 credits) 

In-depth analysis of selected topics in diplomacy, strategy, and national security including issues pertaining to international conflict and cooperation; dimensions of national power; objectives of national policy and implementation of national strategy; diplomatic negotiations; and conflict resolution. Senior Standing.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 4024 
PSCI 4034 - Topics in Diplomacy Lab (3 credits) 

Examines the fundamentals of policy analysis and formulation and emphasizes research and writing on topics pertaining to diplomacy, security, and foreign policy. Focuses on policy analysis and evaluation and concentrates on policy design. Emphasizes preparation and presentation of policy reports. May be taken three times for credit with different policy topics. Pre: Junior Standing.

Cross-listed: IS 4034 
PSCI 4054 - Seminar in Global Political Economy (3 credits) 

Examines theoretical and historical approaches to global political economy and assesses their practical implications. Focuses on issue areas such as production, trade, money, finance and investment and analyzes their implications for the global economic and political order. Investigates issues pertaining to economies of development and in transition. Senior Standing.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2064 or PSCI 2064 or GEOG 2064 
Cross-listed: IS 4054 
PSCI 4064 - Seminar in Global Development (3 credits) 

Examines how economic and political forces interact in the developing world, discusses the history of these interactions from the pre-colonial period to the present and explores how colonialism shaped the developing worlds economic and political trajectories. Utilizes case studies, historical analysis and development economies to better understand the economic and political condition of countries in the developing world. Senior Standing.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2064 or PSCI 2064 or GEOG 2064 
Cross-listed: IS 4064 
PSCI 4074 - The Politics of Cybersecurity (3 credits) 

Analyses the politics of cybercrime, cyberwar, and the challenges of producing effective cybersecurity. Topics include the economics of cybersecurity, the cross-border nature of global cybercrime, encryption and anonymity-granting technologies, targeting critical national infrastructure, network investigative techniques, cybersecurity measurement, politics of zero-day vulnerabilities, and the process of providing effective cybersecurity at the individual, organizational, subnational, and national levels.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 3044 or IS 3044 
Cross-listed: IS 4074 
PSCI 4144 - Topics in Transatlantic Relations (3 credits) 
Prerequisite(s): IS 1114 or PSCI 1114 
Cross-listed: IS 4144 
PSCI 4154 - Topics in Transatlantic Studies (3 credits) 

Research and analysis of selected issues pertaining to transatlantic studies. Topics under examination include: religion and the transatlantic world; the political economy of the transatlantic slave trade; and the role of culture, language, and literature in cementing transatlantic ties. May be repeated twice with different content for a maximum of nine (9) credits.

Prerequisite(s): IS 1114 or PSCI 1114 
Cross-listed: IS 4154 
PSCI 4164 - Future of Security: Integrative Solutions for Complex Security Systems (3 credits) 

Identification and analysis of complex, real-world security problems and threats to people, organizations, and nations across multiple domains, roles and future scenarios. Crisis communication, decision making tools, ethical principles and problem-solving methods to respond, assess options, plan, scope, and communicate before, during and after conflicts, disasters and attacks. Use of an experiential learning facility, and participation in a reality-based team simulation of cascading security and disaster events.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 2164 or BIT 2164 or CS 2164 
Pathway Concept Area(s): 1A Discourse Advanced, 10 Ethical Reasoning 
Cross-listed: BIT 4164, CS 4164 
PSCI 4174 - Climate Change and the International Policy Framework (3 credits) 

Science, causes and impacts of climate change. Mitigation and adaptation measures to address the causes and impacts of climate change. International climate change policy, with attention to the policy making process, in particular the role of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and climate negotiations. Science and diplomacy in climate negotiations to achieve successful outcomes. The ethical and social implications of climate change policies.

Prerequisite(s): FREC 2124 or GEOG 1524 
Pathway Concept Area(s): 1A Discourse Advanced, 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 10 Ethical Reasoning 
Cross-listed: FREC 4174, IS 4174 
PSCI 4184 - Capstone Project Transatlantic Studies (3 credits) 
Cross-listed: IS 4184 
PSCI 4214 - Senior Seminar in Political Behavior (3 credits) 

Political behavior: socialization, voting, opinion formation and expression, decision-making in government, as explained by personality, rationality, culture, class, and institutional roles. Topics vary from semester to semester as announced. Senior standing.

PSCI 4314 - Senior Seminar in Political Institutions (3 credits) 

Selected topics in political institutions, including decision-making, types and structures of political institutions, internal and external influences on institutional behavior. Topics vary from semester to semester. Senior standing.

PSCI 4324 - Senior Seminar in Constitutional Law (3 credits) 

Cases, law review articles, and related materials containing describing, or commenting on major decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court. Topics vary from semester to semester as announced. Senior standing.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 3354 or PSCI 3364 
PSCI 4414 - Senior Seminar in Public Administration (3 credits) 

Selected topics in public administration, including norms of practice, government personnel, administrative process, administrative law, privatizing, and contracting. Topics vary from semester to semester as announced. Must have senior standing.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 3414 or PSCI 3424 or PSCI 3444 
PSCI 4514 - Senior Seminar in Comparative Politics (3 credits) 

Selected topics in the comparative analysis of political behavior, processes, and institutions; cross-national institutional and aggregate data analysis. Topics vary from semester to semester as announced. Must have senior standing.

PSCI 4614 - Senior Seminar in International Relations (3 credits) 

Selected topics in international relations, including objectives of national policy, dimensions and components of national power, comparative diplomacy, international conflict and cooperation, instruments for conflict resolution. Topics vary from semester to semester as announced. Must have senior standing and any two of the prerequisites.

Cross-listed: IS 4614 
PSCI 4624 - The Washington Semester: Seminar in American Politics and Public Policy (3 credits) 

This seminar is the integrative forum for the principal elements of the Washington Semester experience. The course explores both the role of political institutions in policy formation and implementation and the primary managerial and leadership challenges that arise for implementing organization managers in American democratic public policy-making. Pre: Junior standing or instructor consent and acceptance into the Washington Semester program.

Cross-listed: UAP 4624 
PSCI 4644 - The Washington Semester: Politics, Policy and Administration in A Democracy (3 credits) 

This course is part of the Washington Semester. Explores the relationship between the imperatives of democratic mobilization, policy choices and organizational choices through intensive study of the operating context of a selected public or nonprofit organization. Examines implications of policy-maker choices for implementing institution dynamics and challenges. Pre: Junior standing and acceptance into the Washington Semester program required.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 3714 
Cross-listed: UAP 4644 
PSCI 4714 - Senior Seminar in Policy Analysis (3 credits) 

Theoretical, analytical, and methodological approaches used to assess government activities and public policy. Topics vary from semester to semester as announced. Must have senior standing.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 3724 and PSCI 3734 
Cross-listed: IS 4714 
PSCI 4724 - Senior Seminar in Political Theory (3 credits) 

Selected topics in analytic political philosophy, contemporary ideologies, and democratic theory. Topics vary from semester to semester as announced. Senior standing required. Must have senior standing and any two of the prerequisites.

PSCI 4734 - Theories and Practices of International Conflict Management (3 credits) 

Examines alternative perspectives on peace, security, and international intervention and their implications for policy. Focuses on the role international organizations and other actors in conflict resolution and peace-building and explores issues pertaining to humanitarian intervention, human security, and state-building. Utilizes case studies in peacekeeping and peace building to highlight the link between theory and practice.

Prerequisite(s): PSCI 3616 or IS 3616 
Cross-listed: IS 4734 
PSCI 4735 - Topics in Multilateral Diplomacy Workshop (3 credits) 

Simulation of diplomatic practice in major global and regional international organizations. Diplomatic strategies and tactics. Effects of decision-making and policy-making structures and processes on diplomatic outcomes. Crisis management and conflict resolutions mechanisms. Diplomatic negotiations and diplomatic resolutions. Extensive use of simulations. 4735: Multilateral diplomacy in global organizations: United Nations (UN) and World Trade Organization (WTO). May be repeated once with different content for a maximum of six (6) credits. 4736: Multilateral diplomacy in sub-global/regional organizations: European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and Organization for Security & Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). May be repeated once with different content for a maximum of six (6) credits. Pre: Junior Standing.

Cross-listed: IS 4735 
PSCI 4736 - Topics in Multilateral Diplomacy Workshop (3 credits) 

Simulation of diplomatic practice in major global and regional international organizations. Diplomatic strategies and tactics. Effects of decision-making and policy-making structures and processes on diplomatic outcomes. Crisis management and conflict resolutions mechanisms. Diplomatic negotiations and diplomatic resolutions. Extensive use of simulations. 4735: Multilateral diplomacy in global organizations: United Nations (UN) and World Trade Organization (WTO). May be repeated once with different content for a maximum of six (6) credits. 4736: Multilateral diplomacy in sub-global/regional organizations: European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and Organization for Security & Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). May be repeated once with different content for a maximum of six (6) credits. Pre: Junior Standing.

Cross-listed: IS 4736 
PSCI 4744 - Intelligence Analysis Workshop (3 credits) 

Examines the impact of historical experience and bureaucratic structures on intelligence analysis. Discusses the contents of the intelligence agenda and explores issues pertaining to intelligence analysis. Focuses on the intelligence process and offers a target-centric approach to intelligence analysis. Emphasizes and evaluates the use of structured analytic techniques in intelligence analysis.

Prerequisite(s): IS 2054 or PSCI 2054 or GEOG 2054 
Cross-listed: IS 4744 
PSCI 4754 - Internship Program (1-19 credits) 

Qualified students are placed in an administrative or legislative staff position under the combined supervision of a faculty member and a responsible supervisor in the employing agency. Detailed reports on the internship experience and a specific project will be required of each intern. (Variable credit to maximum of 6 credits for a full-time position over an entire semester). Three hours of appropriate advanced American government courses, Junior standing, a screening interview, GPA of 3.00 or better and consent required.

PSCI 4964 - Field Study (1-19 credits) 
PSCI 4974 - Independent Study (1-19 credits) 
PSCI 4974H - Independent Study (1-19 credits) 
PSCI 4984 - Special Study (1-19 credits) 
PSCI 4994 - Undergraduate Research (1-19 credits) 
PSCI 4994H - Undergraduate Research (1-19 credits) 
PSCI 29843 - Special Study (1-19 credits)