2022-2023 Course Catalog

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Horticulture (HORT)

HORT 2134 - Plants and Greenspaces in Urban Communities (3 credits) 

Modern concepts of sustainability changing plant use in urban settings. Fundamentals of urban plant systems in the context of urban ecosystem management. Philosophy and critical analysis of sustainability related to green infrastructure, including urban forests, green roofs, urban soils, urban wildlife, urban agriculture, and innovations merging plant and ecosystem functions with building and site engineering. Multi-disciplinary emphasis at site, regional, and global, scales.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 4 Reasoning in Natural Sci., 11 Intercultural&Global Aware. 
Cross-listed: FREC 2134 
HORT 2144 - Indoor Plants (3 credits) 

Basic horticultural principles, identification and cultural criteria applicable to foliage and flowering plants grown indoors. Specific plant groups discussed include ferns, cacti and succulents, and carnivorous plants, among many others.

HORT 2154 - Spanish for the Green Industry (3 credits) 

Dialogue-based language course focusing on the vocabulary and grammatical structures pertaining to Green and Agricultural Industry jobs. Includes vocabulary and context specific to jobs and workers in greenhouse, nursery, turf and landscape environments. Spanish culture is included throughout the course along with grammar and structure. Prior study in Spanish is helpful but not required. I, II.

Cross-listed: SPAN 2154 
HORT 2164 - Floral Design (3 credits) 

Fundamental art theory, historical and cultural influences, tools and techniques as applied to current floral art. Emphasis on applied experiential learning through designing, building and producing acceptable floral displays for home and public environments. Sustainable and ethical practices in growing and purchasing flowers. Fee $128.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 6A Critique & Practice in Arts, 6D Critique & Prac in Design, 10 Ethical Reasoning 
HORT 2184 - Plants, Places, and Cultures in a Global Context (3 credits) 

Impact of worldwide production and trade in fruits, vegetables, and cut flowers (horticultural commodities) on societies, cultures, economies, politics, and environment. Case studies covering history, economics, social/cultural impacts of producing fruit, vegetables, tea, coffee, and other horticultural crops in producing and consuming countries. Case studies illustrate inextricable interactions and interconnectedness between horticultural crops and cultures.

Pathway Concept Area(s): 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 11 Intercultural&Global Aware. 
HORT 2224 - Horticulture Science and Industry (2 credits) 

Survey course of horticultural crops (fruits, vegetables, ornamentals) and enterprises. Includes plant science and business aspects of horticultural production and service industries, and introduces related issues and emerging technologies such as work force characteristics, organic production, and biotechnology. I.

HORT 2234 - Environmental Factors in Horticulture (3 credits) 

Principles and practices in managing environmental factors - temperature, water, light, atmospheric gases and pollutants, and soil and minerals - that influence growth and production of horticultural plants.

HORT 2244 - Plant Propagation (3 credits) 

Principles and practices of plant propagation by sexual and asexual methods.

HORT 2304 - Plant Biology (3 credits) 

Introductory botany. Form, growth, function, reproduction, and ecological adaptations of major groups of plants.

Prerequisite(s): (BIOL 1005 or BIOL 1105 or BIOL 1205H or ISC 2105) and (BIOL 1006 or BIOL 1106 or BIOL 1206H) 
Cross-listed: BIOL 2304 
HORT 2834 - Sustainable Agriculture Practicum (3 credits) 

Hands-on training in sustainable agricultural production at a student-operated vegetable and fruit farm. Participation in tasks required in managing a diversified sustainable horticulture operation, including planting, pest management, irrigation, and post-harvest handling. Discussion of soil fertility, planning, efficiency, food safety and community food systems. May be repeated with different content, for a maximum of 6 credits.

HORT 2964 - Field Study (1-19 credits) 
HORT 2974 - Independent Study (1-19 credits) 
HORT 2984 - Special Study (1-19 credits) 
HORT 3114 - Wines and Vines (3 credits) 

Development of a working knowledge of world wine styles, wine appreciation, and sensory evaluation of wine. Emphasis on the influences of grape growing and winemaking practices on wine quality, style, economic value, and significance in global food culture. Pre: Must be at least 21 years of age.

Cross-listed: FST 3114 
HORT 3324 - Herbaceous Landscape Plants (3 credits) 

Identification, growing requirements, culture, landscape use, physiology, and propagation of native and non-native herbaceous landscape plants for temperate environments. Ornamental annuals and perennials; cultivated wildflowers, plants for wetland and aquatic systems.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 2244 
HORT 3325 - Woody Landscape Plants (3 credits) 

Functions, growing requirements, hardiness, problems, and methods of identification of landscape plant materials. 3325: Commonly available woody landscape plants. 3326: Native and rare woody landscape plants.

HORT 3326 - Woody Landscape Plants (3 credits) 

Functions, growing requirements, hardiness, problems, and methods of identification of landscape plant materials. 3325: Commonly available woody landscape plants. 3326: Native and rare woody landscape plants.

HORT 3354 - Trees in the Built Environment (3 credits) 

Science and practice of tree cultivation, conservation, and management in human-dominated environments along an urban to rural gradient. Holistic study of landscape tree management: planning, planting, inspection, maintenance, removal, and wood waste utilization. Examination of tree responses to urbanization and tree influences on built environments. Emphasis on sustainable, ethical stewardship of landscape trees for the benefit of people and the environment.

Prerequisite(s): (FREC 2314 or BIOL 2304 or HORT 2304) and (FREC 2324 or HORT 3325 or HORT 3326) 
Cross-listed: FREC 3354 
HORT 3454 - Herbaceous Plants for Ecological Landscapes (3 credits) 

Plant selection to provide ecosystem services. Site analysis, design, preparation, planting and maintenance strategies specific to cold-hardy herbaceous plants including native and non-native perennials, and ornamental grasses. Philosophy, historical perspective, and case studies of ecological planting designs.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 2234 or BIOL 1105 
HORT 3584 - Landscape Contracting Practicum (1 credit) 

The development of practical skills in landscape contracting. The course will rotate between design and installation of water gardens, landscape irrigation systems, landscape lighting or other pertinent topics on consecutive years. The course can be repeated for exposure to specific subjects to maximum of 3 credits. Junior standing required.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 2224 and HORT 2234 
HORT 3664 - Hardscape Materials and Installation (2 credits) 

Non-plant portions of landscape construction such as rock walls, paver floors, arbors, and water gardens. The course covers the materials, construction methods, and business aspects required for hardscape construction.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 2224 
HORT 4004 - Horticulture Seminar (1 credit) 

Assessment of fundamental horticultural skills developed through academics and employment. Includes career placement preparation and problem solving through research and production project design and implementation using a team approach. Junior standing required.

HORT 4205 - Public Gardens Maintenance and Management (1 credit) 

4205: Principles and practices of winter annuals and spring blooming bulb production and installation; water garden cultivation and systems maintenance; fall fertilization programming; vegetative waste management; information dissemination and communication methods for public outreach including education, interpretive programs, and fundraising. 4206: Principles and practices of pruning, summer annual production; soil amendment and protection; plant collections/accessions curation and database management; personnel and financial management issues unique to public gardens. Pre: Junior standing required.

HORT 4206 - Public Gardens Maintenance and Management (1 credit) 

4205: Principals and practices of winter annuals and spring blooming bulb production and installation; water garden cultivation and systems maintenance; fall fertilization programming; vegetative waste management; information dissemination and communication methods for public outreach including education, interpretive programs, and fundraising. 4206: Principles and practices of pruning, summer annual production; soil amendment and protection; plant collections/accessions curation and database management; personnel and financial management issues unique to public gardens. Junior status required.

HORT 4324 - Greenhouse Management (3 credits) 

For persons who intend to manage or advise those managing commercial or institutional greenhouses. Includes greenhouse construction, environmenal controls, disease/insect identification and management, control of plant growth, root-zone management, and marketing and management principles specific to greenhouse operations. Pre: Coursework or experience in plant growth and environmental management required.

HORT 4504 - Landscape Contracting (2 credits) 

Capstone course for students entering the landscape contracting industry. Includes contracts, site plan interpretation, cost estimation and bidding, project sequencing, business marketing, irrigation design, and current issues. Emphasis on real-world skills and problem solving. Pre: Senior Standing Required.

HORT 4545 - Small Scale and Residential Landscape Design (4 credits) 

Development of graphic skills with concentration on a variety of media and techniques. Basic theory and principles on design of small scale and residential landscapes with emphasis on spatial composition, user needs, ecology, and uses of plant materials and light construction.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 3325 
HORT 4546 - Small Scale and Residential Landscape Design (4 credits) 

Development of graphic skills with concentration on a variety of media and techniques. Basic theory and principles on design of small scale and residential landscapes with emphasis on spatial composition, user needs, ecology, and uses of plant materials and light construction. 4545, I; 4546, II.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 3325 
HORT 4554 - Creating the Ecological City (3 credits) 

Multidisciplinary, team oriented, problem-solving approaches to creating cities that foster healthy interconnections between human and ecological systems. Analysis of problems from practical and ethical perspectives in the context of the diverse knowledge bases and values of decision-makers. Formation and utilization of integrated design teams to solve complex urban design and planning problems at a variety of scales. Senior standing.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 2134 or FREC 2134 
Pathway Concept Area(s): 3 Reasoning in Social Sciences, 6A Critique & Practice in Arts, 6D Critique & Prac in Design, 10 Ethical Reasoning 
HORT 4614 - Ornamental Plant Production and Marketing (3 credits) 

In-depth production and marketing of woody and herbaceous plants in wholesale nursery and floriculture/greenhouse and related retail outlets. Includes production laboratory.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 2234 and HORT 2244 and HORT 4324 and AAEC 2434 
HORT 4644 - Small Fruit Production (3 credits) 

Propagation, production, and marketing of small fruit crops for the mid-Atlantic region. Emphasis on sustainable practices, market sectors, and health and nutritional benefits. Blueberries, strawberries, brambles and other crops.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 2234 and HORT 2244 and AAEC 2434 
HORT 4654 - Viticulture (3 credits) 

Overview of grapevine growth and development, factors affecting yield and grape quality, and regional industry. Vineyard financial considerations, site evaluation, varietal characteristics plus cultural practices of pruning, training, canopy management, fertilization and pest management.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 2234 
HORT 4744 - Plant Establishment and Environmental Design (3 credits) 

Plant establishment and environmental design process for sustainable landscapes emphasizing the relationship between design of human-constructed landscapes and ecosystems at larger scales. Site assessment, urban soils, site rehabilitation, plant response to disturbed environments, green infrastructure and other contemporary landscape forms. Plant selection, sourcing, and installation to achieve environmental design goals. Emphasis on hands-on, experiential learning to achieve sustainable landscapes. Pre: Senior Standing.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 2134 or FREC 2134 or CSES 3134 or ENSC 3134 or CSES 3114 or ENSC 3114 or GEOS 3614 or LAR 1254 
HORT 4764 - Vegetable Crops (3 credits) 

A comprehensive study of major and minor vegetable crops of Virginia, the U.S., and world in relation to production practices, crop development, nutritional value, and quality characteristics.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 2234 
HORT 4784 - Vegetable Seed Production (2 credits) 

The study of production agriculture or reproductive biology. Seed production, handling, identification, conditioning, enhancement, packaging, storage, testing, federal standards, and biotechnology. Pre: 4764 or 2244 or equivalent experience in vegetable crops, plant propagation, or plant growth and development.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 4764 or HORT 2244 
HORT 4794 - Medicinal Plants and Herbs (3 credits) 

Comprehensive study of medicinal plants/herbs history, production, processing, lore and documented scientific benefits. Traditional plant medicinal practices of Native Americans, Chinese, Indians, European and African cultures will be contrasted with use of contemporary herbal products.

Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1005 or BIOL 1105 
HORT 4835 - Organic Vegetable Production (2 credits) 

Detailed practices in organic vegetable production. Issues in starting organic production, profitability, organic transition strategies and organic certification.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 2254 and ALS 3404 
HORT 4836 - Organic Vegetable Production (2 credits) 

Detailed practices in organic vegetable production. Issues of initial and improving soil quality in organic systems, factors that affect produce quality and whole-farm weed/disease/pest management.

Prerequisite(s): HORT 4835 
HORT 4845 - Organic Vegetable Production Laboratory (1 credit) 

Field experiences, demonstrations, and farm tours complementing 4835 and 4836 lectures.

Corequisite(s): HORT 4835 
HORT 4846 - Organic Vegetable Production Laboratory (1 credit) 

Field experiences, demonstrations, and farm tours complementing 4835 and 4836 lectures.

Corequisite(s): HORT 4836 
HORT 4964 - Field Study (1-19 credits) 
HORT 4974 - Independent Study (1-19 credits) 
HORT 4984 - Special Study (1-19 credits) 
HORT 4994 - Undergraduate Research (1-19 credits)